1. George Eastman The man who founded the Eastman Kodak Company in 1892 and provided photography to the masses was a descendant of William Bradford, the longtime influential governor of Plymouth Colony, whose magazine, later published as “Of Plymouth Plantation,” was … Read more When the authorities intensified their crackdown on the separatists, both groups decided to flee England to the Netherlands as a liberal nation where they could live peacefully. As the scholar Jonathan Mack noted, the spirits he had called would have responded and the settlers would probably have died in the first year. However, as was the case, the chief decided to make the first contact with the English and try to form an alliance that would benefit both. He was hesitant to leave himself, aware of the English duplicity and their habit of abducting the natives without warning. He and his right-hand man, Hobbamock (.c. 1643 A.D.), were suspicious of Squanto because they believed that he had been too long among the English and that he had been corrupted, so they chose another visitor (or prisoner) in the village to go as emissary, Samoset (.c 1590-1653 AD), a chief of Abenaki. Imagine the situation: more than 100 people, cut off from any government, with a rebellion coming. Only a firm determination would help the pilgrims to land and establish their colony. If they didn`t work in groups, they could all die in the wild. The pilgrims realized that they needed a temporary government agency. Back in the homeland, this authority came from the king.
Isolated as in America, it could only come from men themselves. On board the Mayflower, pilgrims and “Strangers” necessarily made a written agreement or made it compact to each other. The Mayflower Compact was probably composed by William Brewster, who had a university education, and was signed by almost all adult male settlers, including two of the arrived servants. The format of the Mayflower Compact is very similar to the written agreements used by pilgrims to found their separatist churches in England and Holland. As part of these agreements, the adult male members of each Church decided how they wanted to worship God.